Khomeini, Ruhollah (Ayatollah)

(1900-1989)
   Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was the famous Iranian cleric who led the Shiite Islamist movement that overthrew the shah of Iran, Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, in 1979 and then established an Islamic Republic in Iran. Initially, the Iranian Kurds welcomed Khomeini because he had ended the shah's rule. Soon, however, deadly combat broke out between the Iranian Kurds and the new Islamic government because Khomeini saw the Kurdish wish for autonomy as a challenge to his concept of the unity of Islam. Despite initial successes, the Iranian Kurdish guerrillas were defeated by 1983.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Khomeini, Ruhollah — orig. Ruhollah Musavi born May 17, 1900?, Khomeyn, Iran died June 3, 1989, Tehrān Shīʽite cleric and leader of Iran (1979–89). He received a traditional religious education and settled in Qom с 1922, where he became a Shīʽite scholar of some… …   Universalium

  • Ruhollah Chomeini — Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏روح‌الله موسوی خمینی‎ [ruːɦoˈlːɔːh muːsæviːje xomeɪ̯ˈniː]) (* 1902 in Cho …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ruhollah Jomeini — Líder Supremo de Irán …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ruhollah Khomeini — Infobox President honorific prefix= Ayatollah name = Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini birth date = birth date|1902|9|24|df=y birth place = Khomein, Markazi Province, Persian Empire death date = death date and age|1989|06|04|1902|09|21 death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayatollah Sayyed Ruhollah Mousavi Chomeini — Ajatollah Ruhollah Chomeini Chomeini Porträt auf einer Hauswand im Iran Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏آیت‌الله روح‌الله موسوی خمینی …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ruhollah Khomeini — Ajatollah Ruhollah Chomeini Chomeini Porträt auf einer Hauswand im Iran Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ruhollah Khomeni — Ajatollah Ruhollah Chomeini Chomeini Porträt auf einer Hauswand im Iran Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ruhollah Mussawi Khomeini — Ajatollah Ruhollah Chomeini Chomeini Porträt auf einer Hauswand im Iran Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayatollah Chomeini — Ajatollah Ruhollah Chomeini Chomeini Porträt auf einer Hauswand im Iran Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏آیت‌الله روح‌الله موسوی خمینی …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayatollah Khomeini — Ajatollah Ruhollah Chomeini Chomeini Porträt auf einer Hauswand im Iran Ruhollah Musavi Chomeini (auch Khomeini; Persisch ‏آیت‌الله روح‌الله موسوی خمینی …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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